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Victor Hugo Biography

Victor Hugo BiographyVictor Hugo Quick Facts:
Name :Victor Marie Hugo
Born : 26 February 1802
Besançon, Doubs, France
Died: 22 May 1885 (aged 83)
Paris, France
Occupation: Writer, poet, politician
Nationality :French
Genre: Novel, dramaturgy, theatre, poetry, essay, drawing
Notable works :Hernani The Hunchback of Notre-Dame Ruy Blas Les Châtiments Les Contemplations La Légende des siècles Les Misérables Toilers of the Sea
Spouse: Adèle Foucher

Victor Hugo Biography

Victor Hugo was born on 26th February 1802 in Besancon, Doubs, France. He was a French dramatist, novelist and poet. He is one of the greatest writers in France. He achieved popularity when he wrote poetry, novels and dramas. His best novels are Les Miserable’s and Notre-Dame de Paris. He had drawn 4000 drawing which expressed the beauty and he admired from the whole world. Though he was a lawyer he started his career by writing literature. This legend died on 22nd May 1885 in Paris and aged 83.



Victor Hugo Personal Life: Victor was the third child of his parents. His father Joseph Leopold Sigisbert Hugo was an officer in Napoleon’s Army and mother Sophie Trebuchet was a Catholic and intimately involved with her lover General Victor Lahorie. His childhood passed in a national political turmoil. As his father was an officer he travelled different places and he visited snowy peaks, blue Mediterranean, Rome festivals and vast Alpine passes. When he was five years old he tripped for six months. In 1803 Hugo’s mother separated from his father and started living in Paris. His early works are depends on king and faith. Victor Hugo fell in love with his childhood friend Adele Foucher and his mother did not agree with relation so he waited until mother’s death. His mother died in 1821. In 1822 Hugo married Adele Foucher and they had five child; Leopold, Leopoldine, Francois Victor, Charles and Adele. Their first son died Leopold was died in early age and first daughter Leopoldine died when she was 19 by drowning. Hugo and his wife when travelled in south France they read this death news in a cafe from a newspaper.

Victor Hugo Literary Life: From 1815 to 1818 he studied law but he started writing literacy by inspiring from his mother. Hugo established a journal for publishing his own poetry and his friends work. His first poetry book Odes et poesies diverses was published in 1822. At the following year his first novel was published. His Romanticism is a brand which is developed in his first career. In 1831 his notable works Notre-Dame de Paris (The Hunchback of Notre Dame) was published. He was also famous for his political writing. He established himself as one of the prominent writers in France and elected for French Academy, nominated for Chamber of peers. But in 1843 when his daughter drowning with her husband Hugo stepped back from publishing work. Then he published his novel Les Miserables in 1862 which was success in Europe and USA and it is considered as one of the best literary creation of 19th century.



Victor Hugo Later Life: Though Hugo was popular for his literacy but after 1870 his later years were largely sad. From 1871 to 1873 his two sons died so he was darker than early writings. He was suffered with cerebral congestion in 1878. A Street was renamed by Victor Hugo in 1882 where he lived. His wife died on 1883 and Hugo died in 1885 and he was buried from the Arc de Triomphe to the Panthéon. He was an enormous writers in French Language. Really he was a great poet to French people and very popular novelist in Europe and America.

Zakir Naik Biography

Sheikh Zakir Abdul Karim Naik biographyZakir Naik Quick Fact
Name : Sheikh Zakir Abdul Karim
Born: 18 October 1965 (age 50)
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Residence: Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Education: MBBS
Occupation: President of Islamic Research Foundation, public speaker
Founder of Peace TV, Board member of Islamic Research Foundation
Religion: Islam
Spouse(s): Farhat Naik
Awards: King Faisal International Prize for Service to Islam, 2015
Website: PeaceTV.tv



Zakir Naik Biography

Zakir Naik was born on 18th October 1965 in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. His original name is Zakir Abdul Karim Naik. He is an Islamic researcher, speaker and writer and mostly influenced by religion. He is a doctor by his profession and preaching himself from 1991. He is the founder of Islamic research foundation and conducted peace TV network. He speaks about Islamic religion and explains by Quran and Hadith. His main speech is Islam is the best than other religion. Though he is popular in Muslim world but also he is reviewed in some places for his speech and opinion.

Zakir Naik Life: Zakir Naik was a student of St. Peters high school in Mumbai. Then he admitted in Kishinchand Chellaram College. He admitted at Topiwala National Medical College and Nair Hospital for studying medicine. Finally he received his MBBS degree from University of Mumbai. His wife Farhat Naik is a member of Islamic Research Foundation who worked for women department. He was influenced by Ahmed Deedat and established IRF. His main goal is to educate Muslims who thinks Islam is outdated. His some essays were published in a newspaper Islamic Voice. Thomas Bloom Hansen thinks that Zakir Naik’s speech about Quran and Hadith is a literature.

Zakir Naik Peace conference: Zakir Naik arranged a peace conference on November 2007 in Mumbai and it is one of his main lectures. Beside Zakir Naik here also speaks 20 Islamic scholars. He talked about the Shia and Sunni conflict. He said that fight Karbala was politically motivated.

Zakir Naik Perspective:

Terrorism: From Zakir Naik opinion terrorism is created by Media. In a YouTube media he told that he did not know Bin Laden and never met with him. He also told I hate terrorism because Quran said that killing a man is same to killing whole humankind.

Apostasy: He said that if any Muslim wants to leave Islam he can but do not speak against holy region as he will be considered a traitor and should be hanged as Quran says.

Evolution: He says that evolution is only a suggestion and some more an unproven hypothesis. According to him it against the Bible and scientist do not support it.

Zakir Naik Speech and Books: Dr. Naik has addressed different issues at different times. In his speech, several people invited and took part in front of not invited audience. His speech was later published as the book in multiple languages ​​including English. In 2007 Saudi Arab’s Dar-us-Salam publication published his two books “The Concept of God in Major religion and The Quran and Modern science compatible or incompatible”. In Bangladesh some publications also published his series of books. Some of his books are; Quran and modern science, the existence of the major religions, Terrorism and Jihad, Hinduism and Islam harmony, Quran and the Bible in the light of science, Interest free economy, Why not embrace Islam in the West, Media and Islam, The moon and The Quran and many others.




Zakir Naik Reception, awards, titles and honors: Dr. Zakir placed 89th position of most powerful 100 Indians by the survey of The Indian Express. In 2009 his position was 82. Prabhena husband said Zakir Naik is the India’s most influential exponents of Salafi ideologue. Sadanand Dhumi wrote “carefully crafted image of moderation”, because of his gentle demeanor, his wearing of a suit and tie, and his quoting of scriptures of other religions”. He received many awards and Honorius in his life. His awards are Islamic Personality of 2013, Distinguished International Personality Award (2013), Sharjah Award for volunteer work (2013), The Commander of the National Order of insainiya of the Republic of the Gambia (2014), Doctor of Humane Letters (2014), Badshah Faisal International Award (2015).

Amartya Sen Biography

Amartya Sen biographyAmartya Sen Quick Facts

Name: Amartya Sen
Born : 3 November 1933 (age 82)
Manikganj, British India (present-day Bangladesh)
Nationality: Indian
Spouse(s): Nabaneeta Dev (1958–1976), Eva Colorni (1978–1985)
Emma Rothschild (m. 1991)
Awards: Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1998)
Bharat Ratna (1999)
National Humanities Medal (2012)


Amartya Sen Biography

Amartya Sen was born on 3rd November 1933. He is a Bangladeshi- Indian Nobel prize winner. He is also an economist, philosopher and writer. In 1998 he got Bank of Sweden Award which is known by Nobel Prize of Economics for economic theories of famines, social justice and social theory. He is the man who invented Human Developments Indicatives for developing UNO human resource development and different countries education. He is the first man who got National Humanities Medal in America. Presently he is the professor of Thomas W. Lamont University and Harvard University. His writing books are published in 30 languages since last forty years. He is the trusty of economist for piece and security. In 2006 Time Magazine told him that he is an Indian hero and in 2010 he placed a position in 100 powerful men.

Amartya Sen Early life:  He was born in Manikgonj, Bangladesh. His old place is in Dhaka. It is said, Rabindranath gave him a name Amarta which meaning is immortal.Atmartya was born in an aristocratic family. His grandfather Chancellor Kshiti Mohan Sen was a scholar and associate of Rabindranath Tagore. Some more he was the professor of cultural language and second chancellor of Visva-Bharati University. Amartya Sen father Professor Ashutosh Sen who was a professor of chemistry in Dhaka University and mother was Amita Sen.



Amartya Sen Educational life: Sen admitted in St. Gregory’s high school in 1941. After partition of India Amartya Sen family went to India and admitted in Visva Bharati University School. In 1953 he achieved his BA degree with first class in economics from Kolkata Presidency College. That year he went to Cambridge University of Trinity College and earned BA (honor’s) degree in 1956. Same year he elected Cambridge association president. In 1959 he has completed his PhD degree from Trinity College.

Amartya Sen Professional Life: When Amartya Sen was only 23 that time he started his career. He was the founder of economics department of Jadavpur University and worked as a full professor here. He was a visiting professor of Massachusetts institute of technology, Stanford University, Cornell University and California University from 1960 to 1961. In 1972 he joined as a professor in London School of Economics. He was a teacher of Oxford University from 1977 to 1986. Currently he is the professor of Harvard University.

Awards: Amartya Sen achieved 102 honorary degrees. He got Nobel Prize for economics in 1998. His awards and honors are; Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1981), honorary fellowship by the Institute of Social Studies (1982), Bharat Ratna ‘the highest civilian award in India’ by the President of India (1999), the honorary citizenship of Bangladesh by Sheikh Hasina (1999), Leontief Prize for his outstanding contribution to economic theory from the Global Development and Environment Institute (2000), awarded the Eisenhower Medal for Leadership and Service USA (2000), 351st Commencement Speaker of Harvard University (2000), International Humanist Award from the International Humanist and Ethical Union (2002), Lifetime Achievement Award by the Indian Chamber of Commerce (2003), The National Humanities Medal will be given to Amartya Sen by US Govt. (2011) and many others.



Amartya Sen Books: Amartya Sen wrote many books and they are; Collective Choice and Social Welfare (1970), On Economic Inequality (1973), Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlements and Deprivation (1982), Choice, Welfare and Measurement (1982), Food Economics and Entitlements (1986), On Ethics and Economics (1987), More than 100 million women are missing (1990), Development as freedom (1999), Rationality and freedom (2002), The Argumentative Indian (2005) and many more.

Alex Rutherford Biography

Alex Rutherford biographyActually Alex Rutherford is not real name of true writer. This name is used by two popular writers Diana Preston and her husband Michael Preston. They used Alex Rutherford as Pseudonym. They chose Rutherford name from the Nobel Laureate Ernest Rutherford and Alex chose normally may be it will be male or female. Alex Rutherford is familiar for his series writing books and historical fictions Empire of the Moghul. They love travelling and already visited over 140 countries. They have completed their education from Oxford University and the subject was History and English.

 



Alex Rutherford Biography

Early history of Preston: They Love India very much. They came to India for researching the building of Taj Mahal which was built by Mughal Empire. They explored the original history of Mughal Empire. Then they read all the Mughal periods to know about Mughal, their history, where they came from for their fiction series Empire of the Moghul. So they have traced that the first man Babur of Mughal Empire came from Kyrgyzstan to India. The king boy Babur came India across the red desert and Oxus river over the Kabul, Afghanistan through the Khyber Pass of North India. Babur and his Mughal Empire ruled India over 200 years.

Empire of the Moghul Series: So finally they have done their first attempt historical fiction series Empire of the Moghul. The Prestons decided to make difference of their persona between early writings and new Mughal series. Empire of the Moghul series stated that how the epic Mughal empire rise and fall of the powerful dynasty. The series contain six books and they are:

  1. Raiders from the North
  2. Brothers at War
  3. Ruler of the World
  4. The Tainted Throne
  5. The Serpent’s Tooth
  6. Traitors in the Shadows

Raiders from the North: Babur fight against foreign enemies and treachery. He struggled to retain his ancestor’s property and stretched his empire from Kabul to Bengal.

Brothers at War: This book tells on Humayun who was son Of Babur. Humayun hold empire ten years and battled against Sher Shah.

Ruler of the World: Akbar was a bold ruler and he had many enemies. He is the best of Mughal kingdom.



The Tainted Throne: Akbar’s son Jahangir succeeded to his throne and fight against enemies very well.

The Serpent’s Tooth: Shah Jahan made Taj Mahal for the memory of his wife Momotaj. His son Aurangzeb planned to take the throne.

Traitors in the Shadows: This series contains the reign of Aurangzeb.

Alauddin Al-Azad Biography

Alauddin Al-Azad biographyAlauddin Al Azad Quick Facts
Name: Alauddin Al-Azad
Born: 6 May 1932
Dhaka, Bengal Presidency, British India
Died: 3 July 2009 (aged 77)
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Nationality: Bangladeshi
Occupation: writer, poet



Alauddin Al Azad Biography

Alauddin Al Azad was born on 6th May 1932. He was a famous Bangladeshi novelist, essay writer, poet, dramatist and researcher. He was an optimist and fighter. His writing main theme was the common people life. He was an active worker in 1952 language movement. His first novel “ Teish Numbor Tailochitra” was published in 1960.

Alauddin Al Azad Life Story: Alauddin Al Azad was born in the village Ramnagar under Raipura Upazilla Norshingdi district in 1932. His parents were Gazi Abdus Sobhan and Mosammat Amena Khatun. Azad married Jamila Azad. He passed his Matriculation exam from Narayanpur Sharafat ullah high school in 1947 and HSC from Dhaka Intermediate College. Then he completed his graduation and master’s degree in Bangla from Dhaka University in 1953 and 1954. In 1970 he received his PhD degree from London University for the Iswar Gupter jibon o kobita. He joined as a lecturer in Government College. Later he joined as a professor in Chittagong University and retired from here. He was an education secretary in education ministry. He also worked as a cultural adviser in Bangladesh High Commission of Russia. He died on 3rd July 2009 at his personal house called Ratnadip in Uttara, Dhaka.



Alauddin Al Azad Work Life: He is one of the litterateurs in Bengali who enrich literature. His writing subject was village life, political movements and continence. His literary works are included in our school, college and university textbook. His major works are given below:

Novels: Teish Numbor Tailochitra, Karnafuli, Kshuda o Asha, Khasra Kagoj, Jyotsnar Ajana Jibon, Puran Paltan, Campus Priya Prince etc.

Stories: Jege Achi, Mrigonavi, Andhokar Shiri, Ujan Taronge etc.

Poems: Manchitra, Vorer Nodir Mohonay Jagoron, Surjo Jalar Swapan, jouno golpo somogro.

Drama: Ehuder Meye, Morokkor Jadukar, Dhanyabad, Mayabi Prohor etc.

Essay: Shilper Sadhona, Sahittyer Sguntok Ritu.

Book: Ferrari Diary.



Awards:  Azad received many awards for his remarkable literary works and they are: Bangla Academy Award (1964), UNESCO award (1965), National Cinema Award (1977), Rangdhanu Award (1985), Ekushey Padak (1986), Sher-e-Bangla Literary Award (1987), Kathak Academy Award (1989) and many others award.

 

Ahsan Habib Biography

ahmed chofa biographyAhsan Habib Quick Facts:

Born: 2 February 1917
Shankarpasha , Pirojpur, East Bengal (now Bangladesh)
Died: 10 July 1985 (aged 68)
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Nationality: Bangladeshi
Occupation: writer, poet
Awards: Ekushey Padak (1978)
UNESCO Literary Prize (1960-61)
Bangla Academy Award (1961)



Ahsan Habib Biography

Ahsan Habib was born on 2nd January 1917. He was a famous Bangladeshi poet and litterateur. Long term he worked as a literature editor in a daily bangla newspaper. He was a modern poet in the decades of fifty.

Ahsan Habib Birth and Educational life Ahsan Habib was born in the village Shankarpasha under district of Pirojpur in 1917. His father was Hamiz Uddin Howladar and mother name was Jamila Khatun. He had five brothers and four sisters. He was the first of his siblings. His father financial condition was not good. He had risen himself within literature environment. He started his writing from his boyhood. He completed his matriculation in 1935 from Pirojpur government high school. Then he moved to Barishal and admitted in famous B.M. College. But he did not complete his education because of financial problem. Again he moved to Kolkata for searching the work after one and half year completing study in Barishal.



Ahsan Habib Work and Personal Life:  He married Sufia Khatun on 21st june 1947. Sufia Khatun is from Bogra district and his father name is Mohsin Ali. Ahsan had two sons and two daughters and they are Moinul Ahsan Saber, Manjurul Ahsan Saber, Keya chowdhury and Johra Nasrin. When he was a school student his first essay “Dhorom” was published in a school magazine at the age of twelve or thirteen. In 1934 his first poem mayer kobor pare was printed in Pirojpur government school magazine. He got confidence when his writings were published in different newspaper of Kolkata. He started his struggle life in Kolkata. In 1937 he worked as a co-editor in a daily newspaper dainik takbir. Here his salary was 17 taka. Later from 1937 to 1938 he worked in Kolkata’s bulbul newspaper and 1939 to1945 in a monthly newspaper saogat. Some more he worked in akashbani as stuff artist from 1943 to 1947.

Death: He died on 10th july, 1985.

Ahsan Habib Literary work: Ahsan wrote total 25 books. He wrote books, essay, novel, rhyme, poem etc. Some of them are given below:

Poem: ratri shesh, chaya harin, sara dupur, ashai basati etc.

Novel: rani khaler sako and aronno nilima.

Child literature: josna rater golpo, chutir din dupure, choto mama the great etc.

Essay: kabboalok and bidesher shera golpo.



Ahsan Habib Awards: Ahsan received many awards for his remarkable literature and they are bangle academy award (1961), adamjee literary prize (1964), ekushey padak (1978), UNESCO literary prize (1960-1961) and many others.

Ahmed Sofa Biography

ahmed sofa biographyAhmed Sofa Quick Facts
Name : Ahmed Sofa
Born: 30 June 1943
Gachbaria, Chittagong, Bengal Presidency, British India
Died: 28 July 2001 (aged 58)
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Resting place:     Mirpur Shaheed Buddhijibi Kabarsthan
Occupation : Writer
Nationality : Bangladeshi
Genre : fiction, short stories, poetry, non-fiction



Ahmed Sofa Biography

Ahmed Sofa was born on 30 June 1945. He was a famous Bangladeshi poet, writer, criticizer, translator and intellectual. He is considered as one of the most intellectual person in Bangladesh. Sofa was established Bangladesh writer’s camp in 1970. He is renowned for understanding the social dynamics and international politics.

Ahmed Sofa Born:  He was born in the village of Gachbaria, Chittagong, Bengal presidency, British India in 1945. He was the second child of his parents. Sofa had one brother and four Sisters. His parents name was Hedayet Ali and Asia khatun. He was ever single in his life.

Ahmed Sofa Education Life: He had very financial problem in his life. He completed his Matriculation from Nottanondo Gourochandra High School in 1960 and Intermediate from Najirhat College, Chittagong in 1962.Then he admitted in Dhaka University in Bangla department. But he did not complete his graduation from here. Again in 1967 he admitted in Brahmanbaria College and completed graduation here. Finally he passed MA in political science.



Ahmed Sofa Literary Life: Sofa wrote many novels, non-fictions, essays, poetry and fiction also. Sofa had a great personality and his expresses were outstanding. Before liberation war Sofa published a newspaper called protirodh. Then he moved to Kolkata and published a patrika Dabanol. Sofa wrote novels with thought and plaaning and his writings are based on the middle class people. Sofa was very innovative because he wrote all fiction from all his personal experiences. Sofa also wrote Islamic history, society and politics. His remarkable writings are:

Novels: Surya tumi sathi, Uddhar, Alatachakra, Dinga binga brogan etc.



Short story: Nihata naksatra.

Poems: jallad samay, ekti prabin bater kachhe prarthana, lenin ghumobe ebar.

Non-fiction: Buddhibrttir Natun Binyas, Bangali Musalmaner Man, Sipahi Juddher Itihas, Ahmed Sofa r chithi etc.

Death: Sofa loved young generation people very much. He died in a Dhaka hospital on 28th July 2001 and at that time his age was 58. Ahmed Sofa was buried in Mirpur Martyred Intellectual graveyard.

Abdullah Abu Sayeed Biography

Abdullah Abu Sayeed biographyAbdullah Abu Sayeed Quick facts

Name: Abdullah Abu Sayeed
Born:  25 July 1939 (age 76)
Park Circus, Calcutta, British India (now India)
Occupation: writer, television presenter, activist
Nationality: Bangladeshi
Notable awards: Ramon Magsaysay Award (2004)
Bangla Academy Award (2011)[1] Ekushey Padak (2005)



Abdullah Abu Sayeed Biography

Abdullah Abu Sayeed was born on 25th July 1939. He is a multi talented person and social activist. He is also an educationalist and literature writer. He is the poet of sixty decades. That time also he contributed himself as a criticizer and literature editor. But slowly Abu Sayeed stops writing. Nowadays he also writes self-story. He is also a good speaker. In 1970 he achieved great popularity as a TV presenter. His remarkable works is Bishwa Sahitya Kendra is an organization which main theme is to promote literatures and increases readers.

Abdullah Abu Sayeed Birth: Abu Sayeed was born in Park circus, Kolkata, British India. His father lived in the village named by Kamargat under the district of Bagerhat Zilla. His father was a famous teacher. He loved his father profession and wanted to be like that. He completed his Matriculation from Pabna Zilla School in 1955 and HSC exam from Profollo Chandra College, Bagerhat in 1957. The he earned BA degree from Dhaka University in 1960 and MA from same university in 1961.

Abdullah Abu Sayeed Work life: As a teacher Abu Sayeed touch the top popularity. As a Professor he is also a reputed person. In 1961 he started his teaching profession as a part time teacher in Munshigonj Horoganga College. Later he was a teacher of Sylhet Mohila College for some time. In 1962 he worked as a lecturer in Rajshahi College. After five months he joined Dhaka Intermediate Technical College. He was an acting Principal of this college for two years. That time his age was 23. Later he joined one of the best college of Bangladesh is Dhaka College. He passed his golden time here. When Professor Abdullah Abu Sayeed joined Dhaka College that time Bangla department head was Shwakat Osman. He enjoyed this life very much. In 1960 when Bengali literature movement started Abdullah Abu Sayeed lead this and edited Sahitya newspaper to continue this. He also presented recreation and educative program in television.



Abdullah Abu Sayeed Literary life: He wrote poem, essay and novel when he was young age. In 1978 he founded Bishwa Sahitya Kendra. His major writings are: amar ashabad, amar boka shoishob, amar uposthapok jibon, songhoton o bangali, amra jara boi pori, nishfola mater krishok etc.

Awards:  Sayeed received different awards at different time. They are: Bangla Academy Awrad (2011), ekushey Padak (2005), Mahbub Ullah Trust Award (1998), National TV award (1977). He also got 97th Ramon Magsaysay Award.

Al Mahmud Biography

Al Mahmud BiographyAl Mahmud Quick facts

Name: Mir Abdus Shukur Al Mahmud
Born: 11 July 1936 (age 79)
Morail Village, Brahmanbaria District
Occupation: Poet, journalist
Nationality: Bangladeshi
Genre: Poet, novelist, short-story writer
Notable works: Lok Lokantor, Kaler Kalosh, Sonali Kabin
Notable awards: Bangla Academy Award (1968) Ekushey Padak (1987)
Spouse: Sayeda Nadira Begum



Al Mahmud Biography

Al Mahmud was born in 1936. He is one of the main poets of Bangladesh. His full name is Mir Abdus Shukur Al Mahmud. He is a poet, novelist and short story writer. His all poems are on these subjects such as politics, nationalism and economical repression.

Al Mahmud Early life: He was born in the village of Morail under Brahman baria district 0n 11th july 1936. He is considered as one of the best poet in Bengali literature at the end of 20th century. He has risen in Brahman Baria town that means his child hood and secondary life days were spent here. His work in Bengali poetry is dominated by his frequent use of regional dialects.

Al Mahmud Work life: Sometime he writes in newspaper. Because of writing he came to Dhaka in 1954. He starts writing in a weekly newspaper called Kafela which is edited by Abdur Rashid and published by Nazmul Haque. He starts his journalism career as a proofreader in a daily newspaper “dainik millat”. In 1955 when Abdur Rashid left the job then He worked as an editor in this newspaper. He first seat beside all famous poet when his first book Lok Lokantor was published in 1963. Then kaler kalos (1966), sonali Kabin (1966), mayabi parda dhule utho (1969) was published and he entered in Bengali literature as a strong poet. After the liberation war of Bangladesh he concentrated himself to write story. In 1975 his first short story book pankourir rokta was published. In 1993 his first novel kobi o kolahol has been published. He started his career as a journalist. After the war of 1971 he worked as an Assistant Editor in a daily newspaper “doinik gonokantha”. Awami League government sent him to jail after the war. Then he joined in Shilpakala Academy and retired as a director.



Al Mahmud Published Book: lok lokantor, kaler kalos, sonali kabin, din japon, golpo somogra, premer golpo, kishore somogra, kabita somogra, nodir bhetor nodi, pankourir rakto, ural kabbya, upamahadesh and many others.

Award: His awards are ekushey padak (1987), Bangla Academy Award (1968), Lalon Award (2011), Kabi Jasim Uddin Award, Philips literary award.

Rabindranath Tagore Biography

Rabindranath Tagore biographyRabindranath Tagore Quick Facts
Name: Rabindranath Thakur
Born: 7 May 1861
Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India
Died: 7 August 1941 (aged 80)
Occupation     Writer, painter
Literary movement     Contextual Modernism
Notable works:    Gitanjali, Gora, Ghare-Baire, Jana Gana Mana, Rabindra Sangeet, Amar Shonar Bangla (other works)
Notable awards: Nobel Prize in Literature (1913)
Spouse:Mrinalini Devi (m. 1883–1902)



Rabindranath Tagore Biography

Rabindranath Tagore was born on 7’th may 1861. He was a pioneer Bengali poet, novelist, music creator, dramatist, short story writer, actor, singer and philosopher. He is the best writer in Bengali literature. People also call him kobiguru, gurudeb and world poet. Total 52 books, 38 dramas, 13 novels, 36 essays and other writings have been published before and after life of Rabindranath. He has also 95 short stories and 1915 songs. All of his books were published in 32 parts as a Rabindra rochonaboli. He has drawn about 2000 pictures. His writings have been published in different countries in different languages. In 1913 he got Nobel Prize for his English translated Gitanjoli. He was born in Calcutta in an aristocratic Hindu Brhamman family. He did not receive primary school study. He was taught by house tutor. He wrote his first poem when he was eight. His first published peom is Avhilas in 1874. He went England when he was seventeen. He got married with Mrinalini debi in 1883. He stared living in East Bengal Shelaidah in1890. In 1915 British government gave him Knight Award. Long term of his life he went different countries of the world. Tagore modernised Bengali art by spurning rigid classical forms and resisting linguistic strictures. His novels, stories, songs, dance-dramas, and essays spoke to topics political and personal. He composed two countries national anthems: one is Bangladeshi’s amar sonar bangla and India’s jana gana mana etc. Some sources also say that he also composed Srilankan national anthem.



Rabindranath Tagore Life

Rabindranath Tagore First Life: Rabindranath was born in Calcutta Jhorasakor Thakur family. His father name was Debendranath Thakur who was a Brhamma dhormoguru and mother was Saradasundari Debi. He was fourteen of his siblings. His ancestors lived in Khulna district at Bangladesh. Rabindranath mother was died when he was fourteen. Debendranath visited various places outside Calcutta. Rabindranath was raised under servant. In his boyhood Rabindranath studied oriental seminary, normal school, Bengal academy and Scent Xaviers Collegiate School. After his upanayan (coming-of-age) rite at age eleven Tagore and his father left Calcutta in February 1873 to tour India for several months and visiting his father’s Santiniketan estate and Amritsar before reaching the Himalayan hill station of Dalhousie. There Tagore read biographies, studied history, astronomy, modern science and Sanskrit and examined the classical poetry of Kalidas. Vhikharini is the first short story which was written by Rabindranath. In 1878 Rabindranath first book kobikahini was published in which his famous poem nirjhorer shopnobongo included.

Rabindranath Tagore Young Life: In 1878 Rabindranath went to England for studying Barrister. First he admitted into Brighton Public School. He started L.L.B course in University College of London in 1879. He opted instead for independent study of shakespeare, cleopetra etc. Lively English, Irish, and Scottish folk tunes impressed Tagore, whose own tradition of Nidhubabu authored kirtan and tappas and Brahmo hymnody was subdued. On 9’th December 1883 rabindranath married to Mrinalini Debi and they had five children and they are Madhurilata, Rathindranath, Renuka, Meera and Shamindranath. Shamindranath and renuka died earlier. In 1890 Tagore began managing his vast ancestral estates in Shelaidaha (today a region of Bangladesh). Later he was joined by his wife and children in 1898. Tagore released his best manasi best poems (1890) among his best-known work.

Rabindranath Tagore Middle Life: In 1901Rabindranath came to Shantiniketon which is under Bhirbum district from Shelaidah with his family. Here Rabindranath established an experimental school called brahamma viddalay. In 1902 Mrinalini Debi was died when she was 30. He gained Bengali and foreign readers alike, he published Naivedya(1901) and Kheya (1906) and translated poems into free verse. In 1910 Gitanjali was published and Swedish Government gave him Nobel Prize. Rabindranath established an association named by pollisonghatan kendrya (1921) with his son, students and many others.

Rabindranath Tagore Final Life: Last decades of Rabindranath more than fifty books has been published. His remarkable essays are punarsh (1932), shes saptak (1935), shyamoli o patraput (1936). Tagore’s remit expanded to science in his last years, as hinted in visva porichoy, 1937 collection of essays. His respect for scientific laws and his exploration of biology, physics, and astronomy informed his poetry, which exhibited extensive naturalism and verisimilitude. He wrote also science fiction story se, tin songi, golpo solpo. In 1934 earthquake hit Bihar and thousands were dead. Last four years of life he felt chronic pain and illness and he was in the bed. In 1937 he was in coma, this time he recovered but in 1940 he again fall in illness. He died on 7’th august 1941.



Rabindranath Tagore Travel: Rabindranath set foot in the world total twelve times. From May 1916 until April 1917 he lectured in Japan and the United States. He denounced nationalism. His essay “Nationalism in India” was scorned and praised; it was admired by Romain Rolland and other pacifists. He also visited Europe different countries such as Germany, Italy and Russia etc. In 1927 he travelled South East Asia with his four companions. Then he travelled Iraq and Iran. Finally he traveled Srilanka.

Rabindranath Tagore Politics and legacy: Rabindranath was very complex in politics. Tagore supported nationalism and this was expressed in Manashi which was published in 1890. Evidence produced during the Hindu German Conspiracy Trialand latter accounts affirm his awareness of the Ghadarites and stated that he sought the support of Japanese Prime Minister Terauchi Masatake and former Premier Ōkuma Shigenoby. Yet he lampooned the Swadeshi movement, he rebuked it in “The Cult of the Charka”, an acrid 1925 essay. Tagore was renowned throughout much of Europe, North America, and East Asia. He co-founded Dartington Hall School which was a progressive coeducational institution. Tagore influenced Chileans Pablo Neruda and Gabriela Mistral, Mexican writer Octavio Paz and Spaniards Jose Ortega y Gasset, Zenobia Camprubi and Juan Ramon Jimenez.



Rabindranath Tagore Works: Rabindranath mainly was a poet. But he wrote all types of literature in Bengali language. They are:

Poems: kobikahini, bonoful, sonar tori, chitra, kolpana, khanika etc.

Short story: nishite, monihara, hoimanti, denapaona etc.

Novel: chokher bali, noukadubi, sheser kobita, ghore baire, dui bon etc.

Essays: chelebela, attaporichoy, itihas etc.

Rabindranath memorial things: Rabindra Bharati University, Rabindra Sadan, Rabindra Setu, Rabindra Award, Shelaidah Kuthi Bari, Rabindra Sarabor and many more.

 

Samaresh Majumdar Biography

Samaresh Majumdar biographySamaresh Majumdar Quick facts

Name: Samaresh Majumdar
Born: 10’th mach 1942
Jalpaiguri, India
Occupation : Writer ,Novelist
Language: Bengali
Nationality: Indian
Notable works:Kalpurush, Mousholkal, Garbhodharini, Aattiyoswajan
Award: Ananda award (1982), literature academy award (1984),



Samaresh Majumdar Biography

Samaresh Majumdar was born on 10’th mach 1942. He was a famous Indian Bengali novelist. His writings are based on North Bengal. He wrote many popular TV serial’s story. He is well known for his creative character detective Arjun. Bengali film Buno Hash is based on Samaresh novel which released in 2014.

Early Life: Samaresh Majumder was born in West Bengal, India. He spent his boyhood time in the Duars tea garden. He has completed his primary education Jalpaiguri zilla high school. He has completed his graduation from Kolkata Scottis Church College in Bangla and post graduation from Kolkata University. He worked in Ananda Bazar publication. He liked Group Theater very much. His first story “onnomatra” has been written for stage drama and from these he starts writing. His story onnomatra printed in a newspaper called Desh. In this newspaper his first novel “Dour” also published in 1976. He also writes short story, travel story and teenage novel beside story and novel. Samaresh Majumdar is a versatile writer though many of his novels have a touch of thrill and suspense attached to it. His remarkable novels are saatkahon, tero parbon, swapner bazaar, uzan gonga and many more. He achieved many national and international awards. He got BFJA award and chalachchitra prasar samity award for best script writer. He is one of the best writers in Bangla literature.



Works: He is such a writer who writes every field in literature. His major works are given below:

Essays: Dour, Uttaradhikar, Kaalbela, Kalpurush, Mousholkal, Garbhodharini, Aattiyoswajan, Ani, Harinbari, Janajajok, Boro Paap Hey, Ujangonga, Lokkhir Pachali and many others. Ani, Harinbari, Janajajok, Boro Paap Hey, Ujangonga, Lokkhir Pachali and many more. He made some famous character in his writing and they are Animesh and Madhabilata, Arjun the science fiction character and dipaboli main character of Saatkahon.

 Award: Samaresh got four awards for his best writing in Bengali literature. Ananda award (1982), literature academy award (1984), bankim Award (2009), BFJA award (1982).

Sunil Gangopadhyay Biography

Sunil Gangopadhyay biographySunil Gangopadhyay Quick facts
Name: Sunil Gangopadhyay
Born: 7 September 1934
Faridpur, Bengal, British India (now Bangladesh)
Died: 23 October 2012 (aged 78) Kolkata (Calcutta), India
Occupation : Writer ,Poet, Novelist
Language: Bengali
Nationality: Indian
Education: Master of Arts (Bengali) University of Calcutta (1954)
Notable works:Those Days (Sei Somoy), First Light (Prathama Alo), East and West (Poorba Pashchim)
Notable awards: Ananda Puraskar (1972, 1989)
Sahitya Akademi Award (1985)
Spouse: Swati Bandopadhyay



Sunil Gangopadhyay Biography

Sunil Gangopadhyay was born on 7’th September 1934. He was a talent writer in bengali language at the end of two thousand century. He was a pioneer writer in bengali literature of last four decades of his dead. He was a poet, novelist, short story writer, editor, journalist and columnist. He was a modern poet in bangla poem after Jibonananda Das. He was also romantic. People memorized all of his poems. His pen name was Nillohit, Sanaton Patok and Nil Upadhyay. Sunil was born in Madaripur district, Bangladesh. When he was four he came to Kolkata. In 1953 He started composing a poem called krittibas in a newspaper. His first book eka ebong koiakjon was published in 1958 and in 1966 his first novel atmaprakash was published. His remarkable books are ami ki rokom vane beche achi, yugolbondhi, hotath nirar jonno, ordek ratri, prothom alo, sei somoi etc. He has popular spy series kakababu which is for children. He was the president of literature Academy and West Bengal Children Academy until death.



Sunil Gangopadhyay Primary Life:

Though he was born in Bangladesh, he raised in West Bengal. He studied in Kolkata University. His father was a school teacher. After completing study he worked in an office. Later he moved to journalism profession. That time he met with an American person called Mr. Pollen. Then he went to USA for study and worked as a sub librarian. He married Swati Banerjee and they have a son, Souvik who is now staying Boston, USA.

Sunil Gangopadhyay Literary Career:

Sunil wrote over 200 books. He wrote when he was very small. That time he translated english writers book. His major works are given below:

Zahir Raihan Biography

Zahir Raihan biographyZahir raihan Quick Facts:
Name:  Mohammad Zahirullah
Born: 19 August 1935
Feni, Noakhali, British India ( present- Bangladesh)
Occupation: Novelist, writer and Filmmaker,
Nationality: Bangladeshi
Education: BA (Bengali) Dhaka University
Awards:    Bangla Academy Award
Spouse: Sumita Devi (1961–1968), Shuchonda (1968–1971)
Relatives : Shahidullah Kaiser (brother)
Died: January 30, 1972 (aged 36)



Zahir Raihan Biography

Zahir Raihan was born on 19 august 1935 in the district of Feni, Bangladesh. He was a famous Bangladeshi cinema director, novelist and writer. Another name was Mohammad Zahirullah. He was best known for his best documentary Stop Genocide which was based on liberation war of Bangladesh.

Zahir Raihan Personal Life:

Zahir raihan was born in 1935 in the village of Majupur which is under district of Feni. After the partition of Bengal (former name East Pakistan) in 1947 he along with his family returned to Bangladesh from Calcutta. He had completed his graduation from Dhaka University in 1958 and the subject was Bengali. In his personal life he married two times. In 1961 he married Sumita Debi and in 1966 he married Suchanda. Both of his wife’s were famous cinema actresses.

Zahir Raihan Work Life:

Zahir Raihan has received his post graduation in Bengali Literature. His literary and journalism life has started in 1950. He started his journalist career in a newspaper called “Juger Alo”. Later he worked in some newspaper named by khapchara, jantrick and cinema. In 1956 he joined as an editor in “probah Patrika”. His first story “Shurjograhan” was published in 1955. He entered cinema world in 1957 as an assistant director and the movie was “jago huya Sabera”. He also worked as an assistant in the film je nodi morupothe which was directed by Salahuddin. Famous director Ehtesham invited him to compose a title song for his movie ae desh tomar. In 1961 he directed first time his movie Kokhono aseni. Jahir first made a color movie in Pakistan named by Sanagm, later he directed bahana by the following year. Zahir actively participated to language movement and he was present 21st February historical Amtola meeting. From inspiring language movement he made a movie called jibon theke neya. He also took part in the “Gano Obhyuthyan” in 1969. He left to Kolkata when liberation was started. After watching his jibon theke neya movie many Kolkata directors praised him. Though he was in financial problem he donated for liberation war in 1971.



Zahir Raihan Family Members:

His first wife Sumita Debi has two sons. They are Bipul Raihan and Anal Raihan. Both are drama producer. His second wife Suchonda has one son and his name is Topu Raihan. Topu is an actor and acted a movie called sobuz coat kalo chosma. The brother of Zahir Raihan was Shahidullah Kaiser and he has a daughter whose name is Shami Kaiser who is drama actress.

Zahir Raihan Remarkable work:

Zahir Raihan is a very famous and popular writer. He wrote many books and they are given below:

Novels: Sesh Bikeler Meye, Trishna (Thirst), Hajar Bochhor Dhore etc.

Short Stories: Sonar horin, Harano boloy, Ekti jiggasa, Oporadh etc.

Movies: Kokhono Asheni, Sonar Kajol, Sangam, Behula etc.

Documentary: Stop Genocide, A state is born, Liberation fighters, innocent millions.



Zahir Raihan Award:

He received five awards for literary and cinema work. They are Adamjee literature award (1964), Nigar award, Bangla Academy award (1972), Ekushey Padak (1977), Shadinota Dibosh award (1992).

Zahir Raihan Disappearance:

On 30 December 1971 Raihan went out to locate his brother and he never came back. Perhaps he was killed by Pakistani army or local collaborator in Mirpur at the end of liberation war of Bangladesh.

Muhammed Zafar Iqbal Biography

Muhammed Zafar Iqbal biographyMuhammed Zafar Iqbal Quick facts
Name: Muhammed Zafar Iqbal  (মুহম্মদ জাফর ইকবাল)
Born:    23 December 1952 (age 63)
Birth Place: Sylhet, East Bengal, Pakistan (present  in Bangladesh)
Nationality:    Bangladeshi
Education:    PhD in Physics from University of Washington
Occupation:  writer, columnist, Physicist.
Spouse(s):    Yasmeen Haque
Father: Faizur Rahman Ahmed , Mother: Ayesha Akhter Khatun
Relatives: Humayun Ahmed (brother) , Ahsan Habib (brother)
Momtaz Shahid (sister), Sufia Haider (sister), Rukhsana Ahmed (sister)
Awards    Bangla Academy Award (2004)



Muhammed Zafar Iqbal Biography

Muhammed Zafar Iqbal was born on 23rd December 1952. He is a Bangladeshi writer, physicist and educationist. He is a popular science fiction writer in Bangladesh. He is also a popular writer of children literature and columnist. Some of his novels are converted into cinema. Now he is a professor of computer science department of Shahjalal Science and Technology University.

Muhammed Zafar Iqbal Personal Life: Zafar Iqbal was born in Sylhet. His father was Faizur Rahman Ahmed who martyred in liberation war of Bangladesh and mother was Ayesha Akhter khatun. His father was a police officer so he visits many places of Bangladesh. His nickname was Babul. His father wrote sometime so he takes this writing inspiration from his father. He wrote his first science story when he was seven years old. His patriotic father was shooted by a Pakistani Army beside a river on 5’th may 1971. He married his Dhaka University classmate Yasmeen Haque when he was a student in America. Dr.Yasmeen Haque is also a professor of Physics department in same university. In 1994 he came back his country. They have two children. Elder son Nabil Iqbal has completed his graduation from Cornell University in physics and mathematics. Presently he is doing PhD in Physics in Massachusetts University of technology. Yeshim Iqbal is doing PhD in Psychology in Harvard University after completing his graduation from Cornell University. Yeshim Iqbal translated his novel “Rashed,my friend” into English. Zafar Iqbal elder brother was Humayun Ahmed and younger brother is Ahsan habib.

Muhammed Zafar Iqbal Educational life: Zafar Iqbal has completed his S.S.C from Bogra zilla School in 1968 and H.S.C from Dhaka college in 1970. He was admitted in Dhaka University as a student of physics in 1972. In 1976 he has gone to Washington University for PhD and his subject was “parity violation in hydrogen atom”.



Muhammed Zafar Iqbal Work life: Zafar Iqbal completed his graduation and post graduation from Dhaka University. In 1982 he has finished his PhD from Washington University. Then he has completed his post doctoral research from California institute of technology in 1988 and that year he joined as a researcher in famous Bel Communication research and worked until 1994. This year he came back his country and joined as department of head of Shahjalal Science and Technology University. He is a selected member of syndicate in university. Presently he is Department of Head Of electronics department and professor of computer science and technology.

Muhammed Zafar Iqbal Litearary: Zafar Iqbal writes from his university life. His first science fiction story “copotronic valobasa” was published in weekly magazine “Bichitra”. After reading this Jahanar Imam praised to him and he writes more. He writes many more science fiction when he was in America. He is also a success writer of Kishore novel. He is writing column in daily prothom alo regularly. His remarkable writes are given below:

Novel: akash bariye dao, boborno tushar, camp etc.

Short story: ekjon durbol manush, chelemanushi etc.

Science fiction: copotronic sukh dukho, eron, robo nagari, crugo, joloj etc.



Muhammed Zafar Iqbal Awards: Zafar Iqbal has received many awards and those are Bangla Academy Award (2004), Meril Prothom Alo Award (2005), Qazi Mahbubulla Jebunnesa Padak (2002), Sheltech sahitya Padak (2003), America Alumnai Association Padak (2005) and many more.

Kazi Nazrul Islam Biography

Kazi Nazrul Islam biographyKazi Nazrul Islam Quick Facts:
Name: Kazi Nazrul Islam
Born: 25 May 1899 , Churulia, Bengal Presidency, British India (now in West Bengal, India)
Died: 29 August 1976 (aged 77) Dhaka, Bangladesh
Occupation:  Poet, novelist, song composer, short-story writer, playwright and essayist.
Language: Bengali ,Hindustani,Persian
Nationality: Indian (1899-1972) , Bangladeshi (1972-1976)
Notable works: Chol Chol Chol, Bidrohi, Dhumketu,Agniveena, Bandhan Hara, Nazrul Geeti
Notable awards Independence Day Award (1977), Ekushey Padak, Padma Bhushan (India)
Spouse: Pramila Devi



Kazi Nazrul Islam Biography

Kazi Nazrul Islam is recognized as a national poet of Bangladesh. He was commonly known as Nazrul. In the year of 1972 Bangladesh government brought him with the consent of India. Nazrul also known as a rebel poet (Bidrohi kobi) because he wrote many revolutionary poems. Nazrul was a poet, short-story writer,song composer, novelist and many more. Actually nazrul writing theme mainly focuses on love, freedom and revolution. Nazrul is one of the poets of Muslim renaissance and he wrote against fasicism and oppression. Kazi Nazrul wrote also many “Ghazals” which are exits nowadays in people mind which are Islamic.Nazrul also wrote a number of folk plays for his group they are shakunibadh, chasar san, Akbar Badshah, Data karna and many more. Really Nazrul writing inspires the people of Bangladesh when 1971 liberation war was occurred. When Kazi Nazrul Islam was 43 he lost his voice and speechless. People think that it was slow poison that may be entered by the British government. But later the disease was detected and it was neuro disorder.



Kazi Nazrul Islam Early Life:

Kazi Nazrul Islam was born in a village called churulia gram, asansol subdivision which is under west Bengal, India and the date of birth is 24may 1899. Nazrul nickname was “Dukhu Mia”. His parents name was faqeer Ahmed and Zahida Khatun. He was the seconds of his siblings. Nazrul Father was Imam and he was caretaker of Masjid . Nazrul studied in Maktab and Madrasa. But in the year of 1908 his passed away and he replaced for his father. At the mean time his family leads a great miserable life. Then he joined traveling theatrical group Called leto group which was run by his uncle. There he wrote song, poem etc for their group.in the year 1910 Nazrul islam left the group and he admitted Searsole high school and here he influenced by his teacher and wrote revolutionary poem with his one classmate. But here also he was unable to give pees and left the school.In 1914 Nazrul studied in Darirampur high school,trishal, Mymenshing(this one is now University Of Kabi Nazrul). Besides his subject he also read here Bengali, Sanskrit, Arabic, Persi and Hindu literature. Kazi Nazrul Islam did not appear matriculation exam and he read up to class ten (10). Later in 1917 he joined British Indian army and here he wrote his first prose and poetry. In 1919 his poem Mukti (freedom) was published in Bangla patrika (newspaper).

Kazi Nazrul Islam Career:

When Kazi Nazrul Islam settled in Kolkata he was started his writing career in1920 and his writing looks revolutionary appeals. Nazrul first novel was published in the same year and name is “Bandhon Hara”. Nazrul reached peak at the top level when his poem “Bidrohi” was published in1922 and all people and family called him as rebellious youth of Bengal. Nazrul works also famous for children. He also published his first volume of “Byather Dan and Yogbani”. Then he wrote “ dhumketu ” for this reason police raid was announced and Nazrul sent to jail. In 1923 He transferred Alipore to Hooghly. He wrote many poems and songs during the period of imprisonment. By his active poem he raised the people’s voice against British Empire.In 1925 Kazi Nazrul Islam published a weekly magazine called “Langal”(Plough) where he was a chief editor. Nazrul followed by published “Proloyollas” and his first anthology poem “Agniveena”. In 1921 Nazrul visited Comilla where he met a Hindu Women Called Pramila Debi and he had fallen in love with this woman and married him on april 1924. After marrying her he faced a great problem in his personal and professional career which attack social and religious aspect. But he continued his work as a rebel poet.



Kazi Nazrul Islam Music:

Nazrul songs are called as a nazrul geeti. About 4000 songs are composed by Kazi Nazrul Islam. Nazrul is one of the first person who included Ghazal in Bengali music. He wrote many Ghazals by the following of Persi and Urdu which are everyday play by the people of Bangladesh who are Islamic mind. At the time of Ramadan his ghazal are played in TV, Radio,FM. He also wrote hindu goddess song. Besides writing music sing he is also a composer, music director. Many gramophone companies offered him to produce his song from their production.

Kazi Nazrul Islam Last life and award:

In 1928 to 1935 Nazrul published 800 songs, 600 Classical ragas, 100 folk tunes and 30 patriotic songs.In 1939 Nazrul wife Pramila Devi feel in ill and paralised so Nazrul back in his journalism profession as a chief editor and the newspaper name was New Age. When Nazrul fell in ill in 1941 he composed 2600 songs in that some had been lost. After death of Rabindranath Tagore in 1941 Nazrul was shocked and he composed two poems in the memory of Rabindranath and one is “Rabihara”. At the same time Nazrul fell in ill and he lost his power of speech. Though his wife was ill but she always took care Nazrul. Gradually Nazrul behavior became reckless type and erratic. So they fell in financial crisis and Nazrul took some Homeoathy as well as Ayurveda and some improvement also seen. Then Nazrul sent to mental asylum but here is no progress. After spending four months Nazrul family leads a silent life in India. In 1952 he admitted into a mental hospital Ranchi. In 1962 His wife pramila was died and Nazrul admitted into intensive medical care. On 24may 1972 the newly independent Bangladesh brought him back in Dhaka with the consent of Indian government and give him citizenship. After miserable suffering Nazrul breathed his last on august 29, 1976. He was buried beside the mosque of university of Dhaka and ten thousand people were present in his funeral. He regarded as for secularism. In the year 1945 university of Calcutta gave him highest honour degree and 1960 Indian government give him “Padma Bhushan” which is the Indian highest civilian honour degree. University of Dhaka awarded him D.litt. And give him Ekushey Padak by the government of Bangladesh. Really he was a great poet for bangla literature and people never will forget this greatest writer.



Kazi Nazrul Islam Work list:

Poetry

Agni Bina (The Fiery Lute), 1922
Sanchita (Collected poems), 1925
Phanimanasa (The Cactus), 1927
Chakrabak (The Flamingo), 1929
Satbhai Champa (The Seven Brothers of Champa), juvenile poems, 1933
Nirjhar (Fountain), 1939
Natun Chand (The New Moon), 1939
Morubhaskar (The Sun in the Desert), 1951
Sanchayan (Collected Poems), 1955
Nazrul Islam: Islami Kobita (A Collection of Islamic Poems; Dhaka, Bangladesh: Islamic Foundation, 1982)

Short stories

  • Byathar Dan (Offering of Pain), 1922
  • Shiulimala (Garland of Shiuli), 1931
  • Rikter Bedan (The Sorrows of Destitute), 1925

Novels

  • Kuhelika (Mystery), 1932
  • Mrityukshuda(Hunger for Death), 1930
  • Bandhan Hara (Free from Bonds), 1927

Poems and songs
Further information: Nazrul Geeti

  • Shesh Saogat (The Last Offerings), 1958
  • Pralaya Shikha (Doomsday Flame), 1930 proscribed in 1930
  • Jinjir (Chain), 1928
  • Sindhu Hindol (The Undulation of the Sea), 1927
  • Samyabadi (The Proclaimer of Equality), 1926
  • Puber Hawa (The Eastern Wind), 1926
  • Sarbahara (The Proletariat), 1926
  • Chhayanat (The Raga of Chhayanat), 1925
  • Chittanama (On Chittaranjan), 1925
  • Bisher Bashi (The Poison Flute), 1924
  • Bhangar Gan (The Song of Destruction), 1924 proscribe in 1924
  • Dolan Chapa (name of a faintly fragrant monsoon flower), 1923

Plays and drama

  • Pile Patka Putuler Biye (Doll’s Marriage), juvenile poems and play, 1964
  • Jhar (Storm), juvenile poems and play, 1960
  • Madhumala (Garland of Honeysuckle) a musical play, 1960
  • Putuler Biye (Doll’s Marriage), children’s play, 1933
  • Aleya (Mirage), song drama, 1931
  • Jhilimili (Window Shutters), plays, 1930

Essays

  • Jhinge Phul (The Cucurbitaccus Flower), 1926 ,
  • Joog Bani (The Message of the Age), 1926
  • Durdiner Jatri (The Traveller through Rough Times), 1926
  • Rudra Mangal (The Violent Good), 1927
  • Dhumketu (The Comet), 1961